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Church of Our Lady Before Tyn

Church of Our Lady Before Tyn


If you read about the泰恩庭院then it won’t surprise you too much to learn that the original church was built in front of that place, hence the name “Before Tyn”. As with many historic places it’s undergone many changes over the last 900 years. Yes that’s right we are talking of one of the few places in Europe with almost a Millenia of history. You can’t miss it if you are on the老城区广场但唯一的麻烦是找到前门。

prague old town square lady driving a horse and carriage with the gothic twin tower church of our lady before tyn in the background
泰恩前的圣母教堂俯瞰着古城广场

时光倒流

我们要追溯到现在,纸质记录已经不复存在,甚至专家也只能“在十年左右”推测原始教堂何时开始建设。约定的第一个日期是1135年,当时一座天主教罗马式教堂以圣母玛利亚的名义被圣化,由于罗马式教堂的建造非常简单,预计大约在10年或15年前就开始建造了。它还没有获得“泰恩之前”的标签,是老城四个天主教教区教堂之一。它至少有一座钟楼,因为这是1310年卢森堡约翰时代的记录。记录显示教堂和医院都在同一个地方。这有点“鸡毛蒜皮”,因为如果医院是先建的话,那么教堂的增加显然是有原因的。然而,从历史上看,现有的教会有更多受过教育的人和修女,更有可能治疗人们,所以在这种情况下,我倾向于教会优先,医院后。


Not So Far Back in Time

专家们仍在争论这一点,但在1350年左右的某个时候,新泰恩教堂开始建造,采用了时尚的哥特式风格,使他们能够建造高高的教堂,这与你今天看到的差不多。The first architect was Matthias Arras and later Peter Parler (same guy who did the plans for the Charles Bridge and ST Vitus Cathedral) and records show this church was functional by the year 1407 (or at least the Chapel of ST Ludmila was functional, the roof would take another 50 years to finish). It was still Catholic but was now the main parish church in the Old Town and a mere 300 metres from the Royal Court. By this time the land in front of the old church had been sold and built on which is why the Church of Our Lady Before Tyn is set back from the Old Town Square by about 50 metres.

gothic twin tower church of our lady before tyn with jan hus monument in the foreground
简胡斯Monument in foreground, Kinsky palace on the left
哥特式双塔圣母教堂在圣诞节前点燃了圣诞树
Church of Our Lady Before Tyn lit at Christmas

从这个时候起,胡塞战争使它变成了乌特拉奎斯特(一种长老会)。在波德布拉迪的乔治统治下的15世纪中期,哥特式屋顶、北塔和大部分正面都完工了。乔治有他自己的半身像和一个镀金的圣杯(胡塞人的象征)安装在正面(有趣的事实-虽然他的尸体被埋葬在教堂)Prague Castle他的心埋在泰恩之前的圣母教堂里。南塔于1510年完工。如果你对天文学感兴趣,那么第谷·布拉赫在1601年被埋葬在这里(就在祭坛的右边)。


最近的

1618 saw the outbreak of the三十年战争1620年布拉格被天主教控制。他们很通情达理……只是开玩笑(读到1621 memorial). 1623年,波德布拉迪的乔治半身像和圣杯被拆除。三年后,你今天看到的圣母玛利亚雕像取代了半身像,圣杯被融化,形成了雕像周围的光环。从那以后就成了天主教徒。1679年,古老的哥特式屋顶被烧毁,取而代之的是现在的巴洛克风格。北塔也在1819年被大火损坏,直到1836年才被修复(注意干净的砌块工程)。两座塔都有80米高。


泰恩之前的圣母教堂——今天

gothic twin tower church of our lady before tyn with marian column in the foreground
泰恩前的圣母教堂,前景是重建的玛丽安柱

人们常称它为大教堂,但在捷克,它的名称是“Chram”,这是一个长方形会堂。除了星期一和任何特殊的宗教日,它每天都开放。你走逆时针方向进入教堂,在进入圣母教堂之前必须保持绝对安静,不允许拍照/录像。有明信片。You enter via the Old Town Square side via the passage under the arches.更多的细节和探索教会的提示,包括在老城和犹太区Walking Tour.


Church of Our Lady Before Tyn

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